Delhi has long historical relations which dated back to Mahabharat. Legend has that before before 1460 B.C Yudhisthira, the Pandava king built a city named “Indraprastha”. Old Fort marks to be the site where city of indraprastha located.
100 BC – As the time gone Raja Dhilu came into the power and renamed it as “Dilli”.
TOMAR DYNASTY STARTED…
AD 736 – After Raja Dhilu, Tomar Rajput rulers built Lal Kot which situated near Mehrauli.
Quila rai pithora
1180 – Tomars rulers got evicted by The Chauhans who established Qila Rai Pithora. This was the first city of Delhi.
1191 – The first sultan of Delhi “Muhammad Ghori” captured Delhi.
SLAVE DYNASTY STARTED…
1206 – Muhammad Ghori was assassinated on March 15 by Prithviraj Chauhan while offering his evening prayers. After then his lieutenant Qutub-ud-din Aibak became Sultan of Delhi.
1236 – Shams-ud-din Iltutmish started the work of expanding The Qutub Minar Complex. Later when he died and one of his son “Rukn –ud–din–firoz ”become his successor but was assassinated in 7 months.
1236-40 – Razia sultana succeeded her father Shams-ud-din Iltutmish and she was perhaps the one and only woman emperor of Delhi or may be India.
1266 – 1287 – Ghiyas-ud-din-Balban came into power.
KHILJI DYNASTY STARTED…
1290 – Jalal-ud-din-firoz-khilji killed Ghuiyas-ud-din-Balban and came into power.
1296 – Jalal ud-Din Firoz Khilji was assassinated by his nephew and son-in-law Juna Muhammad khilji who also known as Ala ud-Din Khilji.
1303 – Ala-ud-din Khilji, the next Delhi Sultan came into power and found the second city of Siri. This area is known as Hauz Khas and gulmohar park today.
1316 – After when Ala-ud-din-khilji died his general Malik Kafur an eunuch, tried to assume power but was killed.
TUGHLAQ DYNASTY STARTED…
1320 – Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq or Ghazi malik became Sultan after killing khusro khan.
1325 – Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq built Tughlakabad Fort. Later in the same year he was killed by his own son Juna Khan who also known as Muhammad bin Tughlaq.
1334 – Muhammad bin Tughlaq renamed city to Jahanpanah.
1354 – Feroz Shah Tughlaq found the fifth city of Delhi “Ferozabad”. Some major sites built during this time were Khirki mosque and Begumpur mosque and Nizamuddin dargah.
1398 – The Tughlaq dynasty had come to an end when Timur looted Delhi.
SAYYID DYNASTY STARTED…
1415 – 1451 – The sayyid dynasty ruled the Delhi Sultanate. Rulers of sayyid dynasty were
- Khizr khan
- Mubarak shah
- Muhammad shah
MUGHAL RULE STARTED…
1526-1530 – Babur died and his son Humayun took over power.
1538 – A city was found by Humayun named Dinpanah.
1545 – Sher Shah died while fighting against the Rajputs and was succeeded by his son Islam Shah.
1556 – Humayun returned from Kabul to Delhi and later in the same year died. Akbar shifted the capital to Agra.
1628 – Shah Jahan who was the grandson of mughal Emperor Akbar, made again Delhi the capital.
Shahjahanabad – The walled city
1639 – New city was found by Shah Jahan named Shahjahanabad and started the construction work of Red Fort.
1648 – Red Fort or Lal Qila was completely constructed.
1656 – “ Jama masjid ” one of the largest mosques in India was built.
1707 – Aurangzeb died and Mughal Empire started falling.
1724 – India’s one of the five Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja jai singh of jaipur.
1739 – Persian invader Nadir Shah ordered a massacre.
1754 – Shuja-ud-Daula built Safdarjung’s Tomb for his father Mirza Khan, popularly known as Safdarjung.
1760 – The Marathas and the Jats looted the Red Fort.
BRITISH RULE STARTED…
1803 – After defeating the Marathas the British took control of Delhi.
1806 – Akbar Shah came into power after his father Shah Alam.
1837 – Bahadur Shah succeeded Akbar Shah.
1911 – The capital of the British Empire was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
1931 – Delhi became the capital of British India. Also new name “New Delhi” came into existence.
1948 – On 30th January 1948 Mahatama Gandhi was assassinated. The site where he was shot dead known as Gandhi Smriti.
1950 – Delhi was made the capital of Independent India.
1956 – Delhi became a Union Territory.
1962 – Master plan for Delhi.
1985 – National Capital Region demarcated.
1992 – Delhi declared a state.
2002 – Delhi Metro started and all public transport was converted to CNG.