DELHI’s FLORA & FAUNA
This City is known to be one of the greenest cities of India as it has hundreds of acres of land covered with lush greenery and plantations. ” Delhi ” being one of the few metros in the world has been famous since Ancient times. On top of the list is “The Mughal Gardens” is the considered as one of the finest in Asia. Many of the Gardens which were developed before independence of India are somewhere associated with historical masterpieces. This includes the Lodhi Garden, Qudsia Park, Nicholson Park, Roshanara Bagh and Qutb Garden. Few gardens which have developed after independence include Buddha Jayanti Park and Nehru Park.
Things will not end here “Delhi” also a home of a city forest -The Delhi Ridge. It is one of the oldest mountain systems in the world and Delhi’s oldest natural heritage. Delhi’s Ridge is more than 2.5 billion years old ridge acting as a green lung and pollution controller. It also moderates climate, and prevents soil erosion. Delhi Ridge covers an area of 5% of the total vicinity of capital. Moreover, It is a home to countless species of bird and animals.
After famous Garden and Ridges, Capital also provides well planned and manicured Parks where one can relax and rejuvenate from their stressful lifestyles amidst lush green trees and vast expanse of area. Some of the Parks were in fact built with the main purpose to maintain a certain percentage of green area within this busy and crowded metropolitan city that enables the City to breath fresh oxygen emitted from the shady trees and hence relief the city off toxins and pollution though to a minimal extent.
Flowering trees provide soothing shade in the dry summer when you got stuck in the maze of traffic. Several high-rise buildings of New Delhi were the reason of destruction of trees but by some means our government has taken some measures to protect it though. Most of them are Neem trees which are spotted on the roads and local parks. In springtime, you will notice the trees blossomed to their fullest with colorful Gulmohars and jasmine flowers that emit sweet scented fragrance across these parks and provide visitors with a soothing aromatic and therapeutic ambience. Apart from 45% of Delhi’s plant which are natural, 55% are either introduced or cultivated.
The Fauna of the region is characteristically oriental and is fairly rich and varied. The carnivorous animals generally found here are Lakarbagha (hyaena), Wolf, Fox, Jackals and Leopard. Foxes and jackals are abundant on lonely hilly ridges. Indian gazelle are found in quite small herds in the vicinity of mehrauli. Rats, squirrels, cats, monkeys and dogs constitute the rodent fauna of Delhi. Monkeys can be found in large groups in many areas of Delhi mostly near railway stations and temples. As far as the birds are concerned there are several kinds of birds in Delhi. The house sparrow is the most common though they are rarely seen nowadays. Common crows can also be sight everywhere in the populated areas.
Delhi’s most common domestic animals include cattle, horses, sheep, chickens, dogs, llamas, and pigs. Ridge is a home to many mammals, amphibians, reptiles, arthropods and more than 250 species of animals. Some of them are the Mongoose, Indian Hare, Indian Gerbils, Squirrels, Indian Frogs, Nilgais, Rhesus Macaque, Foxes and Jackals.