Introduction: ‘Masjid-i-jahanuma’ which means the mosque presenting the view of the world. This mosque is locally known as Jama Masjid which literally means Friday mosque. It is one of the largest mosques in India and probably one of the last architectural works of the emperor Shah Jahan. The mosque is built on a red sandstone deck, which is about 30.2 feet above from ground level and stretches over 1200 square meters. Mosque has three splendidly carved gates with a courtyard which has a tendency to hold more than 25,000 devotees at a time and occupies roughly 408 square feet. Also mosque has four towers and two lofty minarets which are approximately 41 meter high and having 130 steps longitudinally striped by marble and red sandstone. Each minar has five unique stories.
Mosque also houses a large water tank in the centre of the courtyard. This tank is known as ”hauz” where devotees clean up their hands before going to the prayers. Masjid’s tower are made up of red sandstone, except the fourth storey which is made up of marble. Mosque is covered with complex carvings and has verses from the holy Kuran imprinted.
History: It was Friday 6th October 1650 AD when the foundation stone of this Mosque was laid by Mughal Emperor ShahJahan. The design of Jama Masjid was very much influenced by the design of Fatehpur Sikri Masjid in Agra which is a smaller mosque. It was built over a period of six years by more than 5000 workers. The supervisors of the constructions were Saadullah Khan, prime minister of Shah Jahan. A sum of Rs 10 lakhs was spend on the construction. The most popular thing in the mosque is some of the muhammad’s relics are kept like an old and very antique copy of the Holy Kurans written on deerskin, a hair of the prophet’s beard, his sandals and his footprints marked in the piece of a marble block.
Visiting hours: 7:00 am to 12:00 noon, 1:30 pm to 6:30 pm
Entry Fee: Free
How to visit: A short walk or a rickshaw from Chawri bazaar metro station will take you to this mesmerizing place.
Best time to visit: The best time to visit the mosque is in the early hours for a peaceful visit without much crowd.
Celebrations: Eid-ul-milad, Bakri-eid, Ramadan
Contact no.: 011-23365358